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John P. Burrows

Group at IUP:

Physics of the Oceans and the Atmosphere



Current Position:


Professor (Chair Title "Physics of the Oceans and the Atmosphere") Faculty of Physics and Electrical Engineering, University of Bremen.
March 1992 to the present.

Research Interest:



Throughout my research career I have been fascinated by the system comprising the sun, the earth’s atmosphere and the earth, and motivated to understand how it functions and responds to change. In particular I have been interested in the impact of man on this system. This led me to the study different aspects of the system in the laboratory, and later through field measurement campaigns using bot in situ and remote sensing. This in turn led me to undertake pioneering research in remote sensing and earth observation. As a result I am my co-workers have undertaken research in the fields of Biogeochemistry, Atmospheric Physics and Chemistry, Photochemistry, Photophysics and Chemical Kinetics.

A particular highlight has been the development of in-situ and remote sensing measurement techniques to determine the amounts and distributions of trace atmospheric constituents, and their use as a tool for the study of air pollution, climate and chemistry interactions, the study of the stratospheric ozone layer, its destruction by ozone depleting substance and its response to the measures of the Montreal Protocol to ban and control ODS; the improvement of numerical weather and chemical weather prediction, the improvement of our knowledge of biogeochemical cycles, the establishment of a quantitative experimental basis for atmospheric, environmental and climatic change.

Following the recognition and definition of the new geological epoch the Anthropocene, a significant part of my research is dedicated to observing the changing Anthropocene and quantifying the impact of mankind on the earth system.
Research Career:


(5) Science Director,
Natural Environment Research Council
Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
Maclean Building,
Benson Lane,
Crowmarsh Gifford,
Wallingford, Oxfordshire, OX10 8BB
United Kingdom
On a secondment from 01.12.2008 to 01.04.2010, after which Professor Burrows became a fellow of NERC:CEH 2010 to 2016

(4) Professor (Chair Title "Physics of the Oceans and the Atmosphere") Faculty of Physics and Electrical Engineering, University of Bremen.
March 1992 to the present.
I have been a Guest Scientist at NASA-GSFC and University of Maryland since 1992 taking sabbatical leave at these institutions in 1995, and I am an adjunct Professor at the University of Maryland since 2006.


(3) Max Planck Institut für Chemie, Atmospheric Chemistry Department, (Director Prof. Dr. Dr. P. J. Crutzen F.R.S.) Research Scientist and then Research Group Leader): November 1981 to March 1992.


(2) Environmental and Medical Sciences Division, A.E.R.E. Harwell, Didcot, Oxfordshire, U.K.: Higher Scientific Officer,
and Guest Scientist at the Physical Chemistry Laboratory, Oxford University, March 1979 to November 1981 (within the group of Professor R. P. Wayne).


(1) Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.A.: Research Scientist, October 1978 to March 1979 (within the group of the late Dr. H. E. Radford)

Additional Information:


Societies:

Member of ACS, AGU, EPS, SPIE, AAAS, DPG (German Physical Society)

Awards, Honours, and Related:

1975-1978 Royal Society Gassiot Committee Research Student;
Elected Professor of Atmospheric and Oceanographic Physics at the University of Bremen 1992;
Guest Scientist at NASA GSFC, Laboratory of Atmospheres since 1995;
Distinguished Scientist Lectureship German American Scientific Committee (DAAD) 1998;
Elected fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science AAAS – 2003;
Elected American Geophysical Union, AGU,Fellow – 2004;
Distinguished Guest Lecture Royal Society of Chemistry – Environmental Chemistry Group – March 2004;
Awarded the William Nordberg Medal by COSPAR July 2006;
Elected Adjunct Professor at the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science, The University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742,USA, October 2006;
Elected to be a member of theEU GMES/CopernicusWorking Group 4, which recommended to the EU on the space segment required for GEOSS. 2006;
Noble Lecturer 2007, University of Toronto, Department of Atmospheric Physics and Environment Canada, 24-31stMarch 2007,
NASA Group Achievement Award for outstanding achievements inthe Intercontinental Chemical Transport Experiment conducted in the United States and Mexico. 10thMay 2007;
The Harold S. Johnston Lecturer University of California, Berkeley USA – March 2008;
Elected as a Member of the International Academy of Aeronautics (IAA) September 2008;
Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer selected on its 50 anniversary a JQSRT Milestone Paper award to Burrows et al 1999 manuscript, January 2010;
Elected Honorary fellow of the Natural Environmental Research Council: Centre for Ecology and Hydrology 2010 to present;
Guest member of high table at Christ Church Oxford 2008 to 2010;
Elected to be a member of the CEOS Carbon Task Force 2010;
Haagen Smit Prize 2012presented by Atmospheric Environment, a premier journal of Elsevier Science, in recognition of outstanding 1991 contribution “ The Nitrate radical: Physics, Chemistry and the Atmosphere” by Wayne et al;
Awarded the Vilhelm Bjerknes Medal by the European Geosciences Union, EGU 10thof April 2013;
EGU Invited Speaker on the Atmosphere, April 2014
IUGG Silver Medal and elected IUGG Fellow June 2015
Award the Alfred Wegener Medal 2016 to be awarded EGU April 2016


International Projects:

EUROTRAC-PI in various projects1985-2003;
PI of different research projects within different consortia in all the EU Framework Research programmes, from the 1stto the current round.
Proposer, Principal Investigator-Lead Scientist of the GOME, (Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment) Project 1985 - present;
Proposer, Principal Investigator and initiator of the SCIAMACHY, (SCanning Imaging Absorption spectrometer for Atmospheric CHartographY) Project;
Principal Investigator and initiator of the GeoSCIA, GeoTROPE, GeoSCIA-Lite initiatives;
Chair of the SCIAMACHY Scientific Advisory Group, SSAG, established by ESA and the national space agencies of Germany, DLR, the Netherlands, NIVR, and Belgium 1992- present;
Founding Member of the GOME Scientific Advisory Group, GSAG, run by ESA and EUMETSAT 1990 to present;
Co-Investigator of the German French Merlin Experiment 2010 – present;
One of the Initiators and Proposers of the Space based Concepts for the measurement of the Greenhouse Gas: CarbonSat and CarbonSat Constellation. Following a peer review and in completion with 32 proposals CarbonSat selected by ESA for its Earth Explorer 8 Phase A B1 studies in November 2010;
Initiator of the SCIA-ISS project, a part of the Anu- Apollo project 2011 – present;

Community Service:

Elected as Scientific Reviewer of the Atmospheric Division of the NASA Langley Research Center 1997;
Elected member of the steering committee of IGAC (International Global Atmospheric Chemistry) Core Project of the IGBP (International Geosphere Biosphere Project) 2002 – 2008;
Member of the WMO - CEOS IGOS IGACO team and co-author of its recommendations 2002 - 2006
Elected a Member of ICACGP (International Commission on Atmospheric Chemistry and Global Pollution) of IAMAS (International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences) 2002 -2006,
Elected Officer and Secretary of ICACGP 2006 - 2010. Elected President of ICACGP 2010-2014 – July 2010;
Elected member of the steering committee of SPARC (Stratospheric Processes and their Role in Climate) a project of the WCRP (World Climate Research Programme) - WMO (World Meteorological organisation) -2003 – 2011, COSPAR SPARC Liaison 2012- present;
Elected member of COSPAR Commission A – 1998 vice chair 2000 – 2008, Member of national COSPAR Committee 2010 – present;
Elected Member of Environmental Section of the European Physical Society – 2003 to present;
IGOS-IGACO member and an author of the IGACO Strategy document 2004;
Contributor to the quadrennial WMO UNEP Ozone Assessments a as co-author and reviewer 2002 –present.
WMO-IGACO-Ozone group member;
Advisor to GCOS 2004;
Member of the Post-EPS Advisory Group for EUMETSAT 2005-present;
Member of the EU Working Group - GMES Atmosphere Service and Space infrastructure of the service 2007 - 2009;
Member of the review board of the research programme of the Bundesamt für Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie (Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency) 2008;
Elected onto the Advisory Board of the Leibniz Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Schlossstrasse, 618225 Kuehlungsborn Germany 2009- present;
COSPAR Prize Committee 2008 –present
AGU awards committee 2010- present
EGU awards committee 2013- present
Reviewer of the DLR Research Programme April 2013.
CEOS Strategy for Carbon Observations from Space member of team and co-author of its report2012 to 2014,

Editorships:

Journal of Geophysical Research, Associate Editor 1998- 2002
Journal of Photochemistryand Photobiology A – Chemistry, Guest Editor 2003.
Advances in Space Research, Editor of Special Issues 1998- 2008
Atmospheric Physics and Chemistry 2001 – 2010, Associate Editor
Journal of Advances in Space Research, Associate Editor 2008 – 2015
Member of the Editorial Board Atmospheric Environment 2006 – 2011.
Advances in Measurement Techniques, Associate Editor 2008-present
Member of the Editorial Board of the Progress in Earth and Planetary Science, PEPS, 2013- present.
Selected Publications:

1) Bovensmann H., Burrows J. P., Buchwitz M., Frerick J., Noël S., Rozanov V. V., Chance K. V., and Goede A. P. H., 1999 “SCIAMACHY: Mission objectives and measurement modes”, Source: JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES Volume: 56 Issue: 2 Pages: 127-150 DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1999)056 <0127:SMOAMM>2.0.CO;2 Published: JAN 15 1999 Times Cited: 780.



2) Burrows J. P., Weber M., Buchwitz M., Rozanov V., Ladstatter-Weissenmayer A., Richter A., DeBeek R., Hoogen R., Bramstedt K., Eichmann K.-U.,and Eisinger M., 1999, “The global ozone monitoring experiment (GOME): Mission concept and first scientific results“, Source: JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES Volume: 56 Issue: 2 Pages: 151-175 DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1999)056<0151: TGOMEG>2.0.CO;2Published: JAN 15 1999 Times Cited: 653.



3) Richter A,, Burrows J. P., Nuss H., Granier C., and Niemeier U., 2005 “Increase in tropospheric nitrogen dioxide over China observed from space”, Source: NATURE Volume: 437 Issue: 7055 Pages: 129-132 DOI: 10.1038/nature04092 Published: SEP 1 2005 Times Cited: 537.



4) Wayne R. P., Barens I, Biggs P., Burrows J. P., Canosa Mas,C. E., Hjorth, J., Lebras,G., Moortgat,G. K., Perner, D., Poulet G., Restelli G., and SidebottomH., 1991 “The Nitrate Radical – Physics, Chemistry and the Atmosphere, Source: ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT PART A-GENERAL TOPICS Volume: 25 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-203 DOI: 10.1016/0960-1686(91)90192-APublished: 1991 Times Cited: 482.



5) Crisp D., Atlas R. M., Breon F. M., Brown L R., Burrows J. P., Ciais P., Connor B. J., Doney S. C., Fung I. Y., Jacob D. J., Miller C. E., O'Brien D., Pawson S., Randerson J. T., Rayner P., Salawitch R. J., Sander S. P., Sen B., Stephens G. L., Tans P. P., Toon G. C., Wennberg P. O., Wofsy S. C., Yung Y. L., Kuang Z. M., Chudasama, B., Sprague G., Weiss B., Pollock R., Kenyon D., and Schroll S. 2004, "The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission“, Source: TRACE CONSTITUENTS IN THE TROPOSPHERE AND LOWER STRATOSPHERE Editor(s): Burrows J. P.,Thompson A. M.,, Book Series: ADVANCES IN SPACE RESEARCH Volume: 34 Issue: 4 Special Issue: Sp. Iss. 2004 Pages: 700-709 DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2003.08.062Published: 2004 Times Cited: 286.



6) Burrows J. P., Richter A., Dehn A., Deters B., Himmelmann S., and Orphal J, 1999, “Atmospheric remote-sensing reference data from GOME – 2. Temperature-dependent absorption cross sections of O3 in the 231-794 nm range”, Source: JOURNAL OF QUANTITATIVE SPECTROSCOPY & RADIATIVE TRANSFER Volume: 61 Issue: 4 Pages: 509-517 DOI: 10.1016/S0022-4073(98)00037-5 Published: MAR 1999 Times Cited: 258.



7) Bogumil, K ,Orphal, J.,Homann, T.,Voigt, S.,Spietz, P.,Fleischmann, O. C., Vogel, A .,Hartmann, M.,Kromminga, H., ; Bovensmann, H.,Frerick, J., and Burrows, J. P., 2003, “ Measurements of molecular absorption spectra with the SCIAMACHY pre-flight model: instrument characterization and reference data for atmospheric remote-sensing in the 230-2380 nm region”, Source: JOURNAL OF PHOTOCHEMISTRY AND PHOTOBIOLOGY A-CHEMISTRYVolume: 157 Issue: 2-3 Pages: 167-184 DOI: 10.1016/S1010-6030(03)00062-5 Published: MAY 5 2003Times Cited: 233


8) Simpson, W. R.,von Glasow, R.,Riedel, K., Anderson, P., Ariya, P., Bottenheim, J., Burrows, J., Carpenter, L. J., Goodsite, M. E., Heard, D., Hutterli, M.,Jacobi, H.-W., Kaleschke, L., Neff, B.,Plane, J., Platt, U., Richter, A., Roscoe, H., Sander, R., Shepson, P., Sodeau, J.,Steffen, A., Wagner, T., and Wolff, E, 2007, “Halogens and their role in polar boundary-layer ozone depletion”, Source: ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS Volume: 7 Issue: 16 Pages: 4375-4418 Published: 2007 Times Cited: 219.



9) Richter A., and Burrows J. P., 2002 “Tropospheric NO2 from GOME measurements”, Source: REMOTE SENSING OF TRACE CONSTITUENTS IN THE LOWER STRATOSPHERE, TROPOSPHERE AND THE EARTH'S SURFACE: GLOBAL OBSERVATIONS, AIR POLLUTION AND THE ATMOSPHERIC CORRECTION Conference Information: A1 2 Symposium of COSPAR Scientific Commission A held at the 33rd COSPAR Scientific Assembly WARSAW, POLAND, JUL, 2000 Comm Space Res Book Series: Editor(s): Burrows J. P., Takeucki N.ADVANCES IN SPACE RESEARCH Volume: 29 Issue: 11 Pages: 1673-1683DOI: 10.1016/S0273-1177(02)00100-X Published: 2002 Times Cited: 198.



10) Zhang, Q., Streets, D. G., He, K., Wang, Y., Richter, A., Burrows, J. P., Uno, I., Jang, C. J., Chen, D., Yao, Z., Lei, Y., 2007, “NO(x) emission trends for China, 1995-2004: The view from the ground and the view from space”, Source: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES Volume: 112 Issue: D22 Article Number: D22306 DOI: 10.1029/2007JD008684 Published: NOV 29 2007, Times Cited: 195.



11) Ebinghaus R., , Kock H. H , Temme C., Einax J. W., Lowe A. G., Burrows J. P., and Schroeder W.H., 2002, “Antarctic springtime depletion of atmospheric mercury”, Source: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Volume: 36 Issue: 6 Pages: 1238-1244 DOI: 10.1021/es015710z Published: MAR 15 2002 Times Cited: 194.



12) Schneider W., Moortgat G. K., Tyndall G. S., and Burrows, J. P. 1991, “Absorption Cross-Section of NO2 in the UV and Visible region (200-700 nm)”,Source: JOURNAL OF PHOTOCHEMISTRY AND PHOTOBIOLOGY A-CHEMISTRY Volume: 40 Issue: 2-3 Pages: 195-217 DOI: 10.1016/1010-6030(87)85001-3 Published: NOV 1981 Times Cited: 189.



13) Richter A., Wittrock F., Eisinger M., and .Burrows J. P., 1998 “ GOME observations of tropospheric BrO in northern hemispheric spring and summer 1997”, Source: GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS Volume: 25 Issue: 14 Pages: 2683-2686 DOI: 10.1029/98GL52016 Published: JUL 15 1998 Times Cited: 168.



14) Fu, T.-M., Jacob, D. J., Wittrock, F., Burrows, J. P., Vrekoussis, M., and Henze, d. K., 2008, “Global budgets of atmospheric glyoxal and methylglyoxal, and implications for formation of secondary organic aerosols” Source: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES Volume: 113 Issue: D15 Article Number: D15303 Published: 2008, doi:10.1029/2007JD009505.Times Cited: 162.



15) Burrows, J. P., Dehn, A., Deters, B., Himmelmann, S.Richter, A., Voigt, S. and Orphal, J. 1998, “Atmospheric remote-sensing reference data from GOME: Part I. Temperature-dependent absorption cross-sections of NO2 in the 231-794 nm range”, Source: JOURNAL OF QUANTITATIVE SPECTROSCOPY & RADIATIVE TRANSFER Volume: 60 Issue: 6 Pages: 1025-1031 DOI: 10.1016/S0022-4073(97)00197-0 Published: DEC 1998 Times Cited: 147.



16) Burrows J. P., Hölzle, E., Goede, A. P. H., Visser, H. and Fricke, W., 1995, "SCIAMACHY - Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Chartography." ACTA ASTRONAUTICA Volume: 35 Issue: 7 Pages: 445-451 Published: APR 1995, Source: ACTA ASTRONAUTICA Volume: 35 Issue: 7 Pages: 445-451 DOI: 10.1016/0094-5765(94)00278-T Published: APR 1995 Times Cited: 146.



17) Buchwitz, M.; de Beek, R.; Burrows, J. P.; Bovensmann, H.; Warneke, T.; Notholt, J.; Meirink, J. F.; Goede, A. P. H.; Bergamaschi, P.; Korner, S.; Heimann, M.; Schulz, A. “Atmospheric methane and carbon dioxide from SCIAMACHY satellite data: initial comparison with chemistry and transport models Source: ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS Volume: 5 Pages: 941-962 Published: MAR 21 2005 Times Cited: 140.



18) Platt U., Le Bras, G., Poulet, G., Burrows, J. P., and Moortgat, G. K.1990, "Peroxy radicals from night-time reaction of NO3." NATURE Volume: 348 Issues: 6297 Pages: 147-149 Published: NOV 8 1990Times Cited: 128.



19) Cox R. A. and J. P. Burrows 1979, "Kinetics and mechanism of the disproportionation of HO2 in the gas phase.” JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY, 83 2560-2568.Source: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRYVolume: 83 Issue: 20 Pages: 2560-2568 DOI: 10.1021/j100483a002 Published: 1979, Times Cited: 127.



20) Rozanov V., Diebel, D., Spurr, R. J. D., and Burrows, J. P., 1997, "GOMETRAN: A Radiative Transfer Model for the Satellite Project GOME: I Plane-Parallel Version", JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES Volume: 102 Issue: D14 Pages: 16683-16695 Published: JUL 27 1997 DOI: 10.1029/96JD01535 Published: JUL 27 1997, Times Cited: 124.



21) Hoogen, R., V. V. Rozanov and J. P. Burrows 1999, “Ozone profiles from GOME satellite data: algorithm description and first validation”, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES Volume: 104 Issue: D7 Pages: 8263-8280DOI: 10.1029/1998JD100093 Published: APR 20 1999 (1998JD100093), Times cited 116.
All Publications:



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